THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT
The cosmological arguments is one of the important method in defending the faith of Christianity. It deals with cause and effect of the existing matter, time, and space. The word cosmological derived from the word Cosmology which deals with the universe, its origin and its condition. It comes from the two Greek words “Cosmos” means world and “logos” which means word or study. So to define: Cosmology is a study of the world or universe or as Encarta Dictionary defines it as “the scientific study of the origin and structure of the universe. Cosmological arguments, one defines, is the kind of arguments that deals with the universe, its origin and its condition. One will argue the condition of the universe (if it is eternal or not), and origin (if it is created or just there).
There are many different worldviews about the existence of the universe. There are some believes that the universe is all that is (Pantheism and Atheism). Pantheists believe that the universe is god while the Atheists believe that is not. In other word, the Pantheists believe that All is God and God is All, and for atheist the universe is all that is and God does not exist at all, and therefore never be the Creator of the universe. There is “no God exist beyond the universe”
Atheists and Pantheists both deny the existence of Eternal God beyond the universe, and His intervention in the world. These are the fundamental propositions of atheism and the Pantheism. How can these be true? Is the universe infinite or just there and will be existed forever? One must consider several evidences in order to know the real condition of the universe, and to prove the existence of God. Here it is:
THE EVIDENCE OF THE FINITE UNIVERSE
The Atheist proposes that the Universe is all that is, or ever was, or ever will be, and Pantheism Proposes that the universe itself is eternal. In order to answer these misleading propositions, the best answer is to question the questioner. How did the atheists and pantheists so certain that the universe is infinite or eternal, and all that is or will be since the law of entropy says that “the amount of energy in the universe available for work is running down”? Now, “if the amount of the mass-energy is limited, and the amount of usable is decreasing then the universe cannot have existed forever”. Now this scientific discovery itself proves that the universe itself is not eternal or infinite. In addition about the fact is that the universe is not independent but dependent from its part! By using the part to the whole arguments Norman Geisler said: “…Does this ‘unity’ of the dependent part of the universe actually make the universe as a whole independent? What if every independent part where destroyed, would we be left only with this ‘independent unity’, this transcendent universe? No., this ‘uncaused whole’ would go out of existence because it actually has no existence outside of its dependent part; it must be dependent on its parts. It is actually not independent at all, but dependent. It caused to exist by its parts”
There is another evidence that the universe is not eternal or infinite, namely, the theory of General Relativity of Albert Einstein. It is the theory that has certain implication, and it is almost universally accepted. One is that the universe which defined as time, space, matter, and physical energy had a starting point in history. Through Einstein equation, we can trace the development of the universe back to its origin called the Singularity events or Big Bang.
Now Secular scientist did not like the result perhaps because it will prove the existence of God. So they tried to find an error, but unfortunately they did not success. The impressive telescope of Erwin Hubble called Hubble Space Telescope allow the astronomers to see that the universe is expanding, and the far away the galaxy is, the faster it is moving, and this discovery led most scientist to conclude that the universe had a beginning point from its expansion process
Since it is evidently proven that the amount of energy in the universe is decreasing and the universe is dependent on its parts, and even the great scientist affirm that the universe has a beginning, then it is therefore clearly that the universe cannot be eternal or infinite, and because it is not eternal or infinite then it has a beginning, and therefore must have a cause, and it flows the logical syllogism:
Everything that has beginning has a cause.
The universe has a Beginning.
Therefore the universe has a cause.
WHO CAUSED THE CAUSE?
Now it universally accepted that the universe has a beginning, and if it has a beginning it is rationally to believe that it requires the Uncaused Creator—GOD! Since, it is rationally to believe in Uncaused God, it also rational to believe in the Bible. The Bible declares “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Gen.1:1). God is beyond from His creation and at the same time can be everywhere in it (Gen 1:1, Col. 1:16-17). Time has a beginning, and God’s cause and effects activity is beyond it (2 Tim. 1:9; Titus 1:2). Hence,
Everything has a beginning has a cause.
The universe has a beginning (affirmed by the theory of General Relativity and the Law of entropy).
Therefore the universe was intelligently caused by intelligent infinite Uncaused Being—GOD.
For further readings:
Geisler, Norman L. 1985. False gods of our time. United States of America: Harvest House Publisers, Inc
Ham Ken, Sarfati Jonathan. and Wieland Carl. 2005. The revise and expanded answers book. United State of America: Master Book, Inc.
Mittelberg, Mark. 2010. The questions Christians hope no one will ask. Carol Stream, Illinois: Tyndale House Publisher, Inc.