What is Teleological Argument?

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 “Natural selection is the blind watchmaker, bind because it does not see ahead, does not plan consequence, has no purpose in view.”-Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker

 

“The most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of the intelligent and powerful Being.”- Isaac Newton

Practical Observation

Try to get something that has a complex design, and try to think on that design that no require of designer. Can you? How about this: Imagine that the universe came into existence with a complex design, and was fine-tuned without an intelligent mind behind it. Can you? If you are a theist, your answer is obviously yes. If you are an agnostic your answer will be maybe, and if you are an atheist your answer is definitely no. For the theists, they believe that there is a Higher Being that created and designed the universe, and governs it. For the agnostic people, they just don’t know if there is a God out there that created and designed the world, and governs it. For the atheist (specially the militant atheist), do not affirm that God is the creator of the universe, that he designed it, and he intervenes in it. The universe they say has a design, but no creator required of it because the universe is always was and is and ever will be. It has been believed that the universe is in steady state. We will see later why that idea is no longer believe today.

In a mean time, let me ask one last question before we go on. Imagine your life which is well designed without purpose, would you consider just killing yourself because at the first place your life is without purpose? If you are an agnostic, I would suggest you decide wisely, or you just doubt your doubts about God before you attempt to do it. But, if you are an atheist and obviously don’t believe what life’s purpose is all about, then go ahead. Kill yourself. After all, life just came up by chance, and has no meaning at all. But before you do it, I urge my dear atheists friends to stay and read this article through, and consider these contentions from renowned Christian philosopher William Lane Craig

  1. If God does exist, then the universe has a design and life has a purpose.
  2. If God does not exist, then the universe has no design and life is without purpose.

In my journey towards life, I have realized that there are so much evidences that God exist than the he does not. The law of causality, the anthropic principle, the cosmological constant, the Newton’s gravitational constant, the Radiation constant, the language of DNA, the charge of photons, the rest mass of electron, speed of light, are some examples that the universe was fined-tuned. These are not the result of random chance. The fine-tuned universe (effect) is not the result of chaotic random chance. It is, however, caused by the Intelligent Mind. Let’s put this into philosophical contentions.

  1. Every design has a designer.
  2. The universe has highly complex design.
  3. Therefore the universe has a Designer.

This logical flow is consistent, undeniable and inevitable. It obeys the law of logic (i. e. The Law of consistency). This philosophical argument is called as Teleological Arguments. It derived from the Greek word “τελός” (Telos) which means “Design or purpose”. This argument from design is one of the best arguments for the existence of God. It deals with design and purpose of the universe and life within it. Isaac Newton (1642-1727) implicitly affirmed the validity of the Design argument when he marveled as he looked our solar system and saw the beauty of its design. He wrote, “The most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of the intelligent and powerful Being.” Centuries later, William Paley propagated the argument by using his commonsense assertion that every watch require a watchmaker. Imagine that you are walking along the street and you found a watch on the side of the road. What do you conclude? Did the wind and the rain caused it? Did an Erosion caused it? Is it a combination of natural forces? For centuries, these questions have unraveled secular scientists who believe the universe came into being by random chance. It is undeniable, though, that there is no question of a person who has a sane mind that some intelligent being made that watch. Maybe someone accidentally dropped it on the street. There are some good Scientists now have come out with a conclusion that the universe we live in was precisely designed by an Intelligent Being. Like a watch who was intelligibly designed, only except that the universe has evee more complex than a watch.

Some scientific observations

I had stated in the first article that the universe has a beginning (as the theory of General Relativity have affirmed this fact). Therefore it has a caused of its existence. Of course, the universe was not only caused to exist, but was also well-designed. In other words, the universe was caused with a precise complex design. The “Anthropic Principle or Anthropic constant” proved it. It came from the Greek word “ανθροπος” (Anthropos), which means “human’. Many scientists believe that this principle is the accurate evidence that the universe was absolutely fine-tuned or designed for the purpose that it supports human life on earth.

So, the answers to that questions is sounding yes. There are a lot of scientific evidences that proves the universe was not made by a random chance. The following evidences are just some of the empressive scientific discoveries, and they are inevitable facts.

  • First, the Oxygen Level on Earth is enough for life on earth: “Oxygen contains 21 percent of the atmosphere. That precise figure is an anthropic constant that makes life on earth possible. If oxygen were 25 percent, fire would erupt spontaneously, and earth would burn. If it were 15 percent, then life on earth would be suffocated. However without oxygen, there will be no way of manufacturing water, air, and power on earth which is very important for life.”
  • Second, the Earth’s Atmospheric Transparency is precise to sustain life: “It is essential for sustaining life on earth. The degree of the transparency of the atmosphere is very constant. If the Atmosphere is less transparent, not enough solar radiation would reach the earth’s surface. If it were more transparent, we would bombarded with far too much solar radiation.”
  • Third, the Moon-Earth gravitational interaction is also on the right distance: “If the interaction were greater than currently is, the tidal effects on the oceans, atmosphere, and rotational period would be severe. If it were less, orbital changes would causes climate instabilities. In either of these events, life on earth would not be possible.”
  • Fourth,the Carbon Dioxide Level is in the right level: “Right level of Carbon Dioxide on earth is essential for life on earth, and it is maintained naturally in the earth’s atmosphere. This is another anthropic constant. If the CO2 level is higher than it is now, the roaring greenhouse effect would develop, and we would all burn up. If the level were lower than it is now, plant would not be able to be able to maintain efficient photosynthesis and we would all suffocate.”
  • Lastly,the Gravity is rightly placed: “If the gravity on the surface of the Earth is stronger, the atmosphere would retain too much ammonia and methane, which are poisonous. But if the gravity was less, the atmosphere would lose too much water.”

Scientists have come to understand that there is a great precision of the universe that sustains life on earth. The precision is so great, and if someone were able to alter any of these constant even in a single minute life on earth would be absolutely destroyed. The above examples are just the few of the wonderful discovery. There are more evidences that narrowly define constant which points to the Intelligent Designer. These five Anthropic Constant mentioned above are the few of those evidences.

Every design requires mind.

Since the universe was precisely fine-tuned, then the answer to that question, again, yes. There must be an intelligent mind behind the universe, and the question is, who is the fine-Tuner of the universe? C. S. Lewis beautifully stated “the ultimate power of the universe is mind not matter.” Because, as Lewis argued, “how could something like rock communicate to humans what they ought to do?” This is really true because only a person can be able to communicate to another person, not to something impersonal.

The primary essence of the universe is mind, and not matter. Darwinian Evolutionists argue that matter comes first before the mind. Mind, they say, is a development in term of natural law, or matter and energy. But, is there any observable evidence for that development? Is the process in which the matter and energy became mind? The answer is absolutely no, and never once it happened. There is no such development.

If that is the case, there is a plausible reason to believe that the universe only exists with a sense of purpose. The universe as many scientists affirm it to be design by the Intelligent Designer for the life on earth to survive. We can ask the “Why” question to ourselves such as why there is life rather than none life? Why is the earth has a complex design rather than no design? The answer is simply because an Intelligent Personal God Exist. Since God exist, then life has a purpose.

Christian Theism’s perspective

Before all scientific discoveries have been discovered, the ancient people had observed and were totally amazed by the wonders of creation as much as we do today. They used the designed argument to show to the skeptics in their time. Isaiah the prophet wrote, “Lift up your eyes and look to the heavens: Who created all these? He who brings out the starry host one by one and calls forth each of them by name. Because of his great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing” (Isaiah 40:26), and the Psamist affirmed, “The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handworks” (Psalm 19:1).

In his great power, God made the universe teleological. God Established the heavens (Prov. 8:27). It means that God made the space with the time and with the matter. God designed that as he made the sky above to be firm (Prov. 8:28), and “assigned to the sea its limits…” (Prov. 8: 29).

Conclusion

In conclusion, whether one believes it or not, the universe is precisely designed. And of course, that requires the God who powerful, good and Intelligent. God always exist and is preserving life on earth, and he actively saving those people who are lost. Those individuals who think on their lives seem purpose. Although some believes there is no God or he is dead, that allegations cannot change His existence. In fact, our course of belief cannot change the nature and the existence of infinite, powerful, intelligent and loving God.

God will never ceased to exist if a person would deny his existence. Conversely, it is another way around. A person who denies God will lose his life because he thinks of his life without purpose. So he or she end up killing himself. However, that can’t be the reason of this sinful and rebellious world. Our lives were designed for a greater purpose. His purpose of each individual is to be saved, and to call upon his name. He is always with us so near, and willing to comfort us in times of troubles. Everything was designed for greater and better good. Again,

  1. Every design has a designer.
  2. The universe has highly complex design (Anthropic Principle).
  3. Therefore the universe has a Designer (Intelligent Personal God).
  4. Therefore, God exist

Since God exist, life has origin, meaning, purpose and destiny. The universe was design by God for the purpose of preserving life on earth for a greater good. Life is so precious to waste.

 

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2 thoughts on “What is Teleological Argument?

  1. Thank you for writing this blog. It’s amazing how many people out there with such intelligence believe this is all by chance. I was just listening to Astronomy Cast’s podcast number 166 titled “Multiverse.” They bring up the Anthropic principle but, unfortunately, the broadcasters dismiss God as the Intelligent Designer because that would mean science can’t prove everything. I wrote a blog entry on it if you care to read.

    http://szea426.wordpress.com/

    Thank you again for writing this!

    1. I am very pleased for your positive comment. it is my pleasure to discuss such issue today, not only because I am superior to the intellectuals, but because of my conviction as a servant of Christ to tell people that there are so much evidence about the existence of God. Thank very much. The Lrod bless you.

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